Here some information on when and how to use a fire extinguisher as well as info on pre-planning what type and location for extinguishers.
Bend Fire Department provides free fire extinguisher and fire safety education to both residents and businesses throughout our district. To schedule a class, please call our office at 541-322-6300.
When and How to use a fire extinguisher:
- R - Rescue – Ensure everyone is starting to evacuate the building or area of the fire. Smoke is the most dangerous part of a fire for humans and the quicker you get people away from the fire, the less chance of injury or death.
- A - Alarm – Call 911 and activate the buildings fire alarm system if there is one. The sooner 911 is activated the sooner the fire department can arrive on scene. The fire department can ensure the fire is completely out and help if the extinguisher does not fully extinguish the fire.
- C - Confine – Again, smoke is the most hazardous part of the fire. Shut doors on your way out to limit the spread of smoke in the building
- E - Exit or Extinguish – This is where you decide if you can safely use an extinguisher or you need to evacuate yourself.
- P - Pull – Pull the pin from the handle of the fire extinguisher, this pin keeps the handle from being accidentally squeezed
- A - Aim – Aim the nozzle of the extinguisher at the base of the fire, closest to you.
- S - Squeeze – Squeeze the handle to propel the extinguisher agent out at the fire. Continue squeezing until the extinguisher is fully used up
- S - Sweep – Sweep the nozzle side to side to ensure you cover the entire fire
- Readily visible
- Uniformly distributed (throughout structure)
- Free from blockage by storage and equipment
- Near normal ports of travel
- Protected from potential accidental or malicious damage
- An extinguisher weighing less than 40 lbs. should be installed with the top not more than 5ft. from the floor
- An extinguisher must be the right type (see below) for the fire
- An extinguisher must be large enough for the fire at hand. It must be readily available, in working order and fully charged
- The operator must know how to use the extinguisher quickly
- The operator must be strong enough to lift and operate the extinguisher
- TYPE A - Ordinary combustibles (wood, cloth, rubber, many plastics, etc.)
- TYPE B - Flammable liquids (gasoline and other flammable liquids, oil, grease, tar, oil-based paint, lacquer and flammable gas)
- TYPE C - Electrical equipment (energized electrical equipment including wiring, fuse boxes, circuit breakers, machinery & appliances)
- TYPE D - Metal fires
- TYPE K - For use ONLY where cooking equipment involves the use of animal or vegetable oils